What is meniscus
Each knee has two crescent shape meniscus or cushion pad one on outerside of knee and another is on inner side. Meniscus act as shock absorbers between femer (thigh bone ) and tibia (leg bone), specially during weight bearing activities such as walking or stair climbing.
How does tear occur
Tear often occurs during twisting or pivoting motion and very common with ligament injury.
Signs and symptoms of meniscus tear
Pain in knee depends on location and size of tear. You will feel pain at the side or center of knee.often walking is not impeded but knee may feel swell and stiff.pain may appear and disappear over a period of years and tear may become larger if left untreated.
Other symptoms include popping or clicking within knee or sudden locking of knee joint.
Is surgery necessary
The size and location of tear determine whether or not the knee is able to heel on its on. Small tear at outer edge tend to heal more easily because there is good blood supply.so surgery is necessary for those tear which are large or not able to heal itself
What type of surgery
Today is time to save the meniscus so meniscus tear can be repair and for those tear which are unrepairable, partial menisectomy is safe procedure
What happened if I will not go for surgery for meniscus tear
If tear left untreated this may cause the knee to develop arthritis so surgery may be necessary to prevent additional damage and to restore knee’s full functional abilities.