What is meniscus
Each knee has two crescent shape meniscus or cushion pad one on outside of the knee and another is on the inner side. Meniscus act as shock absorbers between the femur (thigh bone ) and tibia (leg bone), especially during weight-bearing activities such as walking or stair climbing.

How does tear occur
The tear often occurs during twisting or pivoting motion and very common with a ligament injury.

Signs and symptoms of a meniscus tear
Pain in knee depends on the location and size of the tear. You will feel pain at the side or center of knee.often walking is not impeded but knee may feel swell and stiff.pain may appear and disappear over a period of years and tear may become larger if left untreated.

Other symptoms include popping or clicking within knee or sudden locking of the knee joint.

Is surgery necessary
The size and location of tear determine whether or not the knee is able to heel on its own. Small tear at outer edge tends to heal more easily because there is good blood supply.so surgery is necessary for those tears which are large or not able to heal itself

What type of surgery
Today is time to save the meniscus so meniscus tear can be repaired and for those tears which are unrepairable, partial meniscectomy is a safe procedure

What happened if I will not go for surgery for a meniscus tear
If tear left untreated this may cause the knee to develop arthritis so surgery may be necessary to prevent additional damage and to restore knee’s full functional abilities.